Flat Feet



What Is Flat Feet

Flat feet is a condition characterised by the partial or total collapse of the arch of the foot. This can lead to the entire sole of the foot coming into contact with the ground when standing. While some people with flat feet may not experience any symptoms, others may develop foot pain, discomfort, or difficulty with certain physical activities.

Flat Feet

Causes & Risk Factors Of Flat Feet

Flat feet can develop from various causes and may be influenced by certain risk factors. 


Flat feet can run in families, indicating a genetic predisposition to the condition.


Trauma or injury to the foot, such as fractures or dislocations, can lead to the development of flat feet.


Engaging in activities that place repetitive stress on the feet, such as prolonged standing or high-impact sports, can contribute to the weakening of the foot arches.


As people age, the tendons and ligaments that support the arch of the foot may weaken, increasing the likelihood of developing flat feet.

Certain Medical Conditions

Conditions such as arthritis, diabetes, obesity, and neurological disorders can affect the structure and function of the feet, potentially leading to flat feet.

Flat Feet

Symptoms Of Flat Feet

Flat feet can present with various symptoms that affect mobility and comfort. These symptoms may include:

Complications of Flat Feet

Flat feet, if left untreated, can lead to a range of complications affecting overall foot health and mobility. These complications may include:

Persistent discomfort in the feet, ankles, and lower legs due to misalignment and improper weight distribution.

Inflammation of the plantar fascia, causing heel pain and difficulty walking.

Irritation and inflammation of the Achilles tendon, leading to pain and stiffness.

Increased risk of arthritis in the foot and ankle joints due to abnormal stress and wear.

Changes in gait that can contribute to knee, hip, and lower back pain.

Flat Feet

Diagnosing Flat Feet

Diagnosing flat feet typically involves a combination of clinical examination and imaging studies to assess the structure and alignment of the feet.


Provides detailed images of the bones and can help assess the degree of arch flattening and alignment abnormalities.

Computed Tomography (CT) Scan

Offers cross-sectional views of the foot bones, providing additional information about bone structure and alignment.


Useful for assessing soft tissues, such as tendons and ligaments, and can help identify any abnormalities or tears.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Offers detailed images of soft tissues, including muscles, tendons, and ligaments, and can help diagnose any associated injuries or conditions.

Flat Feet

Flat Feet Treatment

Flat feet treatment aims to alleviate symptoms and improve foot function.

Orthotic Devices

Custom-made or over-the-counter orthotic devices can provide arch support and help distribute weight more evenly across the foot.

Footwear Modifications

Choosing supportive shoes with good arch support and cushioning can help reduce discomfort and improve foot alignment.

Physical Therapy

Exercises and stretches can strengthen the muscles and improve flexibility, helping to stabilise the foot and alleviate symptoms.


Pain-killers like anti-inflammatories and paracetamol may help alleviate pain and inflammation associated with flat feet. In some situations, your doctor may prescribe stronger pain-killers.


In severe cases or when conservative measures fail to provide relief, surgical interventions such as bone osteotomies (shifting bone), tendon transfers, tendon lengthening or joint fusion may be considered to correct foot alignment and improve function.

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